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Book Module

Lots of Defaults

Lightroom tasks usually have fairly self-evident, ordered, steps.

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The Book module is more like the steppes.

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Lightroom makes it work by having many default settings.

Put some photographs in a collection—go to the Book module—and you have a book in front of you.

So, Step #1 is to select some photographs.

After that, Step #2 is to review those many default settings.

Step #1 – Get Going

Select

1) Press g to go to the Library module.

2) Select previews by holding down Ctrl and clicking on them.

Make a Collection

3) Create a collection and place the photographs in the collection.

4) Go to the Book module.

Lightroom inserts the photographs into the book in the order they are in the collection.

If your photographs haven't been inserted into the book pages automatically, do the following.

a) Go to the Auto Layout panel on the right side of your screen.

b) Click the Auto Layout button.

How Your Photographs Are Inserted

Your first photograph in the collection is on the cover and on page 1.

Look at the Filmstrip panel at the bottom of your screen.

A 2 appears above the preview denoting that the photograph appears twice in the book.

The last photograph in the collection is on the back cover and on the second-to-last page (The Blurb logo appears on the last page.).

Again, a 2 appears above the preview denoting that the photograph appears twice in the book.

The other previews have a 1 above them, indicating that they each appear once in your book.

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First photograph appears twice:

Front cover & inside the book

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Last photograph appears twice:

Back cover & inside the book

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Front Cover

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Back Cover

Create Saved Book

5) Click Create Saved Book, which is above the work area, and to the right.

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Create Saved Book

Your work is now saved automatically as you work.

The book appears in the Collections panel on the left side of your screen.

Below, there's a collection called Slideshow with a book inside of it, also called Slideshow.

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Note the Book Icon

If you right click on the book, you can rename, duplicate, and delete it.

If you want to try out a major change to your book, duplicate it, and then experiment with the duplicate.

Filmstrip Panel

6) Change the order of your photographs, as needed.

To do so, you must have saved your book (above).

Do the following.

a) Go to the Filmstrip panel at the bottom of your screen.

b) Enlarge the previews.

Place your cursor at the top of the Filmstrip panel, hold, and drag.

c) Press Ctrl + d to deselect the previews in the Filmstrip panel.

d) Click and hold on the image in the preview and move it between two other previews.*

* You must click and hold on the image in the preview—not on the preview's border.

Step #2 – Default Settings

At first, use most of the many default settings.

Then, make a second pass through the menus and panels to make adjustments to them, as needed.

Book Settings Panel

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Book Settings Panel

Open the Book Settings panel on the right side of your screen.

In the Book menu at the top of the panel, Blurb is selected.

Lightroom will upload your book to blurb.com for printing.

The Lightroom page on their website is here.

Discounts may be available on that page.

Look for Logo Page further down in the panel.

When Logo Page is on—Blurb places a logo page in your book—and gives you a 20% discount.

Their logo page is the last page.

PDF or JPEGs

You can also output your book as a PDF or as JPEGs in the Book menu.

These two choices can be used for proofing and for uploading to a printing website.

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Output Options

More About Blurb

Books uploaded to Blurb must be from 20 to 240 pages, not including front and back covers.

Blurb prints at 300 dpi.

If an image is less than 300 dpi, a warning icon appears in the upper-right corner of the image cell in the work area.

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Warning Icon

Click the icon to see the print resolution of your photograph.

Blurb recommends a minimum of 200 dpi.

Standard Landscape 10 x 8 in

Lightroom defaults to the Standard Landscape 10 x 8 in book format.

Open the Size menu for other options.

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Standard Landscape 10 x 8 in

You can hide the above popup by pressing i.

Book > Book Preferences

At the top of your screen, go to Book > Book Preferences.

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Book Preferences

You can override the Default Photo Zoom setting on a single photograph.

Do the following.

a) Right click on a photograph.

b) Deselect Zoom Photo To Fill Cell or deselect Zoom Photo To Fit Cell.

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Zoom Photo To Fill Cell

Auto Layout Panel

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Auto Layout Panel

Open the Auto Layout Panel on the right side of your screen.

Lightroom defaults to the Left Blank, Right One Photo layout preset.

To change to a different layout , open the Preset menu in the panel.

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 Preset Menu

Edit Auto Layout Preset

To change the book layout from one of the above three layouts, click Edit Auto Layout Preset at the bottom of the above menu.

The Auto Layout Preset Editor window opens.

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Auto Layout Preset Editor

Read Change the Layout of a Page, below, before using the editor.

Step #3 – View

Below the work area, to the left, there are three viewing options: Multi-Page, Spread, and Single Page.

Because the panels on the left side are little used in the Book module, you may want to click the triangle on the far left side to hide them.

To enlarge the view of your book, press Tab to hide the panels on both sides.

Shortcuts

Ctrl + u

Zoomed in (4:1)

Ctrl + t

Fit to screen

Ctrl + r

Page spread (two pages)

Ctrl + e

All pages

Step #4 – Zoom

Zoom Defaults

By default, Lightroom zooms your photographs to fill the image cell.

You can change the default to fitting the image cell.

As mentioned, at the top of your screen, go to Book > Book Preferences.

Then, open the Default Photo Zoom menu.

As described, you can override the Default Photo Zoom setting for a single photograph.

Right click on a photograph and deselect Zoom Photo To Fill Cell—or—deselect Zoom Photo To Fit Cell.

Zoom a Photograph

Click on a photograph.

A zoom slider appears.

If an exclamation-point icon appears in the upper-right corner of the image cell, the resolution is too low at the zoom percentage.

Position Inside the Image Cell

If your photograph is larger than the image cell, you can move it around in the cell.

Click on the photograph, hold, and move your mouse.

Step #5 – More

Adjustments to the Defaults

Note

You can apply a change to more than one photograph—or more than one page.

Press and hold Ctrl—and then click on the photographs or on the pages.

Change the Layout of a Page

Changing the layout of the entire book was described above.

To change the layout of a single page, do the following.

a) Select the page.

Be sure to click near the edge of the page to avoid selecting photographs or text.

The page background will temporarily turn orange.

b) Click the tiny black arrow in the lower-right corner of the page.

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Change Page Layout

The Modify Page pop-up has two sections.

The top section is a menu of page-layout categories.

Your current page-layout category is highlighted with a gray band.

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Page Layout Categories

The bottom section displays the choices in the category you selected.

Your current page layout has a brown border.

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Modify Page Options

c) Select a category on the top.

d) Click on a page layout on the bottom.

Page Panel

Open the Page panel on the right side of your screen.

The current page layout is displayed the the middle of the panel.

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Page Panel

Change Page Layout

You can open the Modify Page pop-up, described above, in the Page panel.

Do the following.

a) Select the page.

The page background will turn orange.

b) Click the display of the layout or click the tiny gray triangle to its right.

c) Select a category on the top of the Modify Page pop-up.

d) Click on a page layout on the bottom.

Add a Page

Select a page and click Add Page.

Lightroom adds a page next to the selected page using its layout.

If no page is selected, Lightroom adds a page at the end of the book.

Add a Blank Page

Select a page and click Add Blank.

Lightroom adds a page next to the selected page.

If no page is selected, Lightroom adds a page at the end of the book.

Step #6 – Dragging

Move a Page

Do the following.

a) Select the page.

The page background will turn orange.

b) Click and hold on the orange background, and drag.

Move a Photograph

To move a photograph from the Filmstrip panel at the bottom of your screen, click and hold on it, and drag it to an empty image cell (gray box).

To swap two photographs, click and hold on one of the photographs, and drag it to the other photograph.

Step #7 – Remove a Photograph or Page

Right click on a photograph or page, and select Remove Photo or Remove Page.

Step #8 – Guides Panel

Open the Guides panel on the right side of your screen.

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Guides Panel

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Guides

Page Bleed - A

This area may be cut off when the book is printed.

Text Safe Area - B

The area in which text will look good, i.e., not too close to the edge.

Photo Cells - C

Photo cells are gray.

When you mouse over a photo cell, an orange outline appears.

If you deselect the Photo Cell guides, the gray background disappears.

However, when you mouse over a photo cell, the orange outline still appears.

Filler Text

When selected, filler text is added to text cells so you can see their locations easily.

Filler text doesn't print.

Step #9 – Editing Image Cells

You can't resize or move an image cell the way one might expect.

You can't drag it around.

You can't drag a corner to resize it.

Instead, you adjust its padding.

Padding is the amount of space around the image cell.

By default, image cells have no padding.

Change the Size

You can resize the image cell with this slider.

The padding is adjusted equally on all four sides.

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Cell Panel - Contracted

Change the Position

By changing the padding of an image cell, you can move it around.

Click the tiny black triangle in the upper-right corner of the Cell panel to expand the panel.

Make sure Link All is deselected.

Move either left or right to reposition.

If you move both left and right—the image size changes.

Move either top or bottom to reposition.

If you move both top and bottom—the image size changes.

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Cell Panel - Expanded

Step #10 – Text

Page Text & Photo Text

Lightroom has two types of text: page text and photo text.

Page text appears at the top or bottom of a page.

Photo text above, on, or below, a photograph.

This step has four sections:

A – Page Text

When you click on a page's orange background, a page-text button opens.

Click it and enter text in the page-text box.

Open the Text panel on the right side of your screen.

Select Top or Bottom.

A page-text box can only be placed at these locations.

The Offset slider controls the distance of the box from the top or bottom of the page.

B – Type Panel

Open the Type panel on the right side of your screen.

You use the Type panel to change the text appearance, spacing, and placement.

Top of the Panel

You can change the font, style, color, point size, and opacity.

Select the text in the page-text box and use the menus and sliders.

Color

When you click the Character color swatch, the rectangle to the right of Character, the color picker opens.

Be default, the color saturation is at zero.

So, you only see white, grays, and black.

To see colors, move the vertical slider on the right side up to increase the color saturation.

Click on a preset at the top or on a color in the field.

You can also select a color in your photograph or anywhere on your screen.

Click in the color-picker field, hold, and move the eyedropper over your photograph or elsewhere.

Hover over the color and release your mouse button.

Bottom of the Panel

At the bottom of the Type panel, you can change the horizontal and vertical alignment, and can apply justification.

Select the text in the page-text box and use the buttons.

Middle of the Panel

Be default, the middle sections of the Type panel are visible.

If you don't see the Tracking slider, click the tiny black triangle to the right of the Character color swatch.

Tracking

Tracking adjusts the spacing between letters in the selected text.

Baseline

The text rests on an invisible line.

Baseline moves the text above this line.

Leading

Leading is the spacing between the selected text and the line above it.

You can return to the default setting by clicking the Auto Leading button.

Kerning

Kerning adjusts the spacing between two letters.

Sometimes, certain pairs of letters look too close together or too far apart, compared to the spacing of the other letters.

Click between the letters and use the sliders.

You can return to the default setting by clicking the Auto Kerning button.

Columns & Gutters

You can also divide the page-text box into columns and can specify the size of the gutter between the columns.

Select the text in the page-text box and use the sliders and the two auto buttons.

Text Adjustment Tool

The Text Adjustment Tool is a tiny icon to the left of the Character color swatch.

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Text Adjustment Tool

Select the text in the page-text box and click the Text Adjustment Tool icon.

Place the cursor over the selected text, click, and hold.

Move your mouse left and right to change the point size.

Move your mouse up and down to adjust the leading (spacing between the selected text and the line above it).

Press and hold the Ctrl or Cmd key, and move your mouse left and right to change the tracking (space between letters).

Press and hold the Ctrl or Cmd key, and move your mouse up and down to change the baseline (placement above imaginary line).

Mouse left and right

Point size

Mouse up and down

Leading (spacing between the selected text and the line above it)

Ctrl or Cmd key and move your mouse left and right

Tracking (space between letters)

Ctrl or Cmd key and move your mouse up and down

Baseline (placement above imaginary line)

C – Photo Text

A photo-text box is similar to a page-text box.

When you click on a photograph, a photo-text button opens.

Click it and enter text in the photo-text box.

Open the Text panel on the right side of your screen.

The Offset slider controls the distance of the photo-text box from the photograph or the edge of the page.

Photograph

Select Align With Photo

Edge of the page

Deselect Align With Photo

Open the Type panel to change the text appearance, spacing, and placement.

D – Other Text Sources

Above, text was entered from the keyboard.

You can also bring text in from the photograph's metadata.

Do the following.

1) Press g to go to the Library module.

2) Select one of the photographs.

3) Open the Metadata panel on the right side of your screen.

4) Enter the caption and press Enter.

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Metadata Panel

5) Repeat the above for each photograph, as needed.

To enter the caption in the photo-text box, do the following.

6) Go to the Book module.

7) Click the tiny gray triangle on the right side of a photo-text box.

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Photo Text Box Menu

If you can't see the tiny gray triangle, open the menu in the top-right corner of the Text panel.

8) Select Caption in the menu.

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Text Source Menu

Step #11 – Background Panel

The page background, by default, is white.

Open the Background panel.

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Background Panel

To apply a change to one or a few pages, deselect Apply Background Globally.

As mentioned, you can apply a change to more than one page.

Press and hold Ctrl, and then click on the pages.

Photograph

You can drag a photograph to Drop Photo Here box.

Graphic

To use a graphic, select Graphic.

Click the tiny gray arrow to the right of the Drop Photo Here box.

Select a graphic from the menu.

Be default, the graphic is black.

To change the color, click the Graphic color swatch, the rectangle to the right of Graphic, and the color picker opens.

The color picker was described above.

Opacity

Typically, you'll want to lower the opacity of a photograph or a graphic.

Background Color

To change the color, select Background.

Click the Background color swatch, the rectangle to the right of Background, and the color picker opens.

Step #12 – Proofing

Press Ctrl + Enter for an impromptu slideshow.

Press Esc to return to Lightroom.

You can also create a PDF or JPEGs for proofing, described below.

Step #13 – Export

Send Book to Blurb

In the lower-right corner of your screen, there's a Send Book to Blurb button.

When it's clicked, you're connected to Blurb.

You can sign in or sign up.

Then, Lightroom uploads your book to your Blurb account for proofing and printing.

Export Book To PDF or JPEG

In the lower-left corner of your screen, there's a

Export Book to PDF button.

Instead of clicking that button, open the Book Setting panel on the right side of your screen.

In the Book menu, select PDF or JPEG.

Several setting options appear.

Check the book publisher for their recommended settings.

When exporting as a PDF, Lightroom will create two PDFs:

1) Cover and back cover

2) Pages

When exporting as JPEGs, Lightroom will create:

• A JPEG containing the cover and back cover.

• JPEGs of the pages.

The PDF files and JPEG files can be used for proofing and uploading to a printing website.

Book Design Principles

KISS

Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.

Leonardo da Vinci

Or, in more modern words, Keep It Simple Stupid.

Organization

Have a theme.

Tell a story.

Consistency

Use consistent spacing, alignment, color palette, and so forth.

Vary

While consistency is good, it's also good to vary your layout.

For example, after several pages with single landscape photographs, have a page with several people photographs related to the landscapes.

CRAP

Contrast, Repetition, Alignment, Proximity

Go to:

3.1 C.R.A.P. Principles of Graphic Design

The Big Four: Contrast, Repetition, Alignment, Proximity (PDF)

More

Design Elements & Principles